Aus: Atlas of the Qur'an, Dr. Shauqi Abu Khalil
Aus: Atlas of the Qur’an, Dr. Shauqi Abu Khalil


(7:73:4) ṣāliḥan Salih وَإِلَىٰ ثَمُودَ أَخَاهُمْ صَالِحًا قَالَ يَا قَوْمِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ
(7:75:14) ṣāliḥan Salih أَتَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّ صَالِحًا مُرْسَلٌ مِنْ رَبِّهِ
(7:77:8) yāṣāliḥu O Salih وَقَالُوا يَا صَالِحُ ائْتِنَا بِمَا تَعِدُنَا إِنْ كُنْتَ مِنَ الْمُرْسَلِينَ
(11:61:4) ṣāliḥan Salih وَإِلَىٰ ثَمُودَ أَخَاهُمْ صَالِحًا قَالَ يَا قَوْمِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ
(11:62:2) yāṣāliḥu O Salih قَالُوا يَا صَالِحُ قَدْ كُنْتَ فِينَا مَرْجُوًّا قَبْلَ هَٰذَا
(11:66:5) ṣāliḥan Salih فَلَمَّا جَاءَ أَمْرُنَا نَجَّيْنَا صَالِحًا وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مَعَهُ
(11:89:17) ṣāliḥin people of Salih أَنْ يُصِيبَكُمْ مِثْلُ مَا أَصَابَ قَوْمَ نُوحٍ أَوْ قَوْمَ هُودٍ أَوْ قَوْمَ صَالِحٍ
(26:142:5) ṣāliḥun Salih إِذْ قَالَ لَهُمْ أَخُوهُمْ صَالِحٌ أَلَا تَتَّقُونَ
(27:45:6) ṣāliḥan Salih وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا إِلَىٰ ثَمُودَ أَخَاهُمْ صَالِحًا أَنِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ
(7:73:2) thamūda Thamud وَإِلَىٰ ثَمُودَ أَخَاهُمْ صَالِحًا قَالَ يَا قَوْمِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ
(9:70:10) wathamūda and Thamud أَلَمْ يَأْتِهِمْ نَبَأُ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ قَوْمِ نُوحٍ وَعَادٍ وَثَمُودَ
(11:61:2) thamūda Thamud وَإِلَىٰ ثَمُودَ أَخَاهُمْ صَالِحًا قَالَ يَا قَوْمِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ مَا لَكُمْ مِنْ إِلَٰهٍ غَيْرُهُ
(11:68:7) thamūdā Thamud كَأَنْ لَمْ يَغْنَوْا فِيهَا أَلَا إِنَّ ثَمُودَ كَفَرُوا رَبَّهُمْ
(11:68:12) lithamūda with Thamud أَلَا بُعْدًا لِثَمُودَ
(11:95:10) thamūdu the Thamud كَأَنْ لَمْ يَغْنَوْا فِيهَا أَلَا بُعْدًا لِمَدْيَنَ كَمَا بَعِدَتْ ثَمُودُ
(14:9:10) wathamūda and Thamud أَلَمْ يَأْتِكُمْ نَبَأُ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ قَوْمِ نُوحٍ وَعَادٍ وَثَمُودَ
(17:59:12) thamūda Thamud وَآتَيْنَا ثَمُودَ النَّاقَةَ مُبْصِرَةً فَظَلَمُوا بِهَا
(22:42:9) wathamūdu and Thamud وَإِنْ يُكَذِّبُوكَ فَقَدْ كَذَّبَتْ قَبْلَهُمْ قَوْمُ نُوحٍ وَعَادٌ وَثَمُودُ
(25:38:2) wathamūdā and Thamud وَعَادًا وَثَمُودَ وَأَصْحَابَ الرَّسِّ وَقُرُونًا بَيْنَ ذَٰلِكَ كَثِيرًا
(26:141:2) thamūdu Thamud كَذَّبَتْ ثَمُودُ الْمُرْسَلِينَ
(27:45:4) thamūda Thamud وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا إِلَىٰ ثَمُودَ أَخَاهُمْ صَالِحًا أَنِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ
(29:38:2) wathamūdā and Thamud وَعَادًا وَثَمُودَ وَقَدْ تَبَيَّنَ لَكُمْ مِنْ مَسَاكِنِهِمْ
(38:13:1) wathamūdu And Thamud وَثَمُودُ وَقَوْمُ لُوطٍ وَأَصْحَابُ الْأَيْكَةِ أُولَٰئِكَ الْأَحْزَابُ
(40:31:6) wathamūda and Thamud مِثْلَ دَأْبِ قَوْمِ نُوحٍ وَعَادٍ وَثَمُودَ وَالَّذِينَ مِنْ بَعْدِهِمْ
(41:13:9) wathamūda and Thamud فَإِنْ أَعْرَضُوا فَقُلْ أَنْذَرْتُكُمْ صَاعِقَةً مِثْلَ صَاعِقَةِ عَادٍ وَثَمُودَ
(41:17:2) thamūdu Thamud وَأَمَّا ثَمُودُ فَهَدَيْنَاهُمْ فَاسْتَحَبُّوا الْعَمَىٰ عَلَى الْهُدَىٰ
(50:12:7) wathamūdu and Thamud كَذَّبَتْ قَبْلَهُمْ قَوْمُ نُوحٍ وَأَصْحَابُ الرَّسِّ وَثَمُودُ
(51:43:2) thamūda Thamud وَفِي ثَمُودَ إِذْ قِيلَ لَهُمْ تَمَتَّعُوا حَتَّىٰ حِينٍ
(53:51:1) wathamūdā And Thamud وَثَمُودَ فَمَا أَبْقَىٰ
(54:23:2) thamūdu Thamud كَذَّبَتْ ثَمُودُ بِالنُّذُرِ
(69:4:2) thamūdu Thamud كَذَّبَتْ ثَمُودُ وَعَادٌ بِالْقَارِعَةِ
(69:5:2) thamūdu Thamud فَأَمَّا ثَمُودُ فَأُهْلِكُوا بِالطَّاغِيَةِ
(85:18:2) wathamūda and Thamud فِرْعَوْنَ وَثَمُودَ
(89:9:1) wathamūda And Thamud وَثَمُودَ الَّذِينَ جَابُوا الصَّخْرَ بِالْوَادِ
(91:11:2) thamūdu Thamud كَذَّبَتْ ثَمُودُ بِطَغْوَاهَا

Die Schrift der Thamud

Thamudic script is the most ancient Arabian script. The script was used from about 1500 BC to the 4th or 3rd century BC. Stones inscribed with Thamudic script are generally found in northern Saudi Arabia but have been found from many parts of the Arabian Peninsula. Stones inscribed with Thamudic script form the largest part of the Museum’s epigraphic collections.

This script consisted of 28 letters and was written left-to-right, right-to-left, or top-to-bottom.


Die Behausungen der Thamud: Madain Saleh

These sites referred to as Madain Saleh are not only mentioned in the Quran but they continue to exist today in remote areas of Saudi-Arabia. Madain Saleh (translated as cities of [prophet] Saleh) is located near a city called “Ula”, about 400 kilometers north of Al-Madinah Munawwara in Saudi-Arabia. Madain Saleh was also referred to as “Al-Hjr”. Muslims believe that Madain Saleh was once inhabited by the people of Thamud, who are mentioned in the Quran. The name “Al-Hijr” is also mentioned in the Quran.


Historical  Madain  Saleh: Saudi Arabia’s UNESCO  World  Heritage  Site

The Thamud were an early Arabian people. Their name is mentioned in Assyrian annals (Thamud) in a Greek temple inscription from the northwest of Hejaz in 169 AD in a 5th-century Byzantine source and in Old North Arabian graffiti around Tayma as well as (arguably) an eblaite tablet; from these sources, it seems that the Thamud were a tribe living somewhere between Makkah and Tayma. They mentioned in the Qur’an as rejecting their Prophet Saleh and destroyed by God as a result. After the destruction of Ad, the tribe of Thamud succeeded them in power and glory. They also fell to idol worshipping. As their material wealth increased, so as their evil ways while their virtue decreased. Like the people of Ad, they erected huge buildings on the plains and hewed beautiful homes out of the hills. Tyranny and oppression became prevalent as evil men ruled the land.

One of the oldest historical source that indicated to Thamud are the historical records of the King of Babylon Sergio Alakdi II who lived in 715 BC, which indicate that he defeated people of Thamud in one of his military campaigns on the north Arabian Peninsula. Greeks mentioned them the people of Thamud as mentioned by Aristotle and Ptolemy. The period elapsed after the destruction of Thamud estimated 2,800 – 3,000 years.