02 | Der Prophet Idris

Aus: Atlas of the Qur'an, Dr. Shauqi Abu Khalil
Aus: Atlas of the Qur’an, Dr. Shauqi Abu Khalil

Idris war der erste der Nachkommen Adams, dem nach Adam und Set die Prophetie gegeben worden war, so steht es bei Ibn Kathir. Er soll, so sagt  es Ibn Ishaq, der erste gewesen sein, der mit einem Stift schrieb, und er soll mehr als 300 Jahre vor Adams Tod zur Welt gekommen sein.

Manche sagen, er sei in Babylon geboren worden und später nach Ägypten gezogen, andere meinen, er sei in Ägypten zur Welt gekommen.

Sure 19: Maryam

Und gedenke im Buch des Idris. Er war ein Wahrhaftiger und Prophet. (56) Und Wir erhoben ihn an einen hohen Ort. (57) Das sind die unter den Propheten, die Gott begnadet hat, aus der Nachkommenschaft Adams und von denen, die Wir mit Noach getragen haben, und aus der Nachkommenschaft Abrahams und Israels, und von denen, die Wir rechtgeleitet und erwählt haben. Wenn ihnen die Zeichen des Erbarmers verlesen werden, fallen sie anbetend und weinend nieder. (58) Es folgten dann nach ihnen Nachfolger, die das Gebet vernachlässigten und den Begierden nachgingen. So werden sie den Untergang finden, (59) Außer denen, die umkehren und glauben und Gutes tun. Diese gehen ins Paradies ein – und ihnen wird in nichts Unrecht getan -, (60) In die Gärten von Eden, die der Erbarmer seinen Dienern im Bereich des Unsichtbaren versprochen hat. Sein Versprechen wird bestimmt herbeigeführt. (61)

Idris soll in den 4. Himmel (manche sagen: 6. Himmel) erhoben worden sein, das ist der Ort, an dem Muhammad (sas) ihm während der Nacht- und Himmelreise begegnete.

Bei Ibn Kathir wird folgendes beschrieben: Als Idris erfahren wollte, wie lange er noch zu leben hätte, nahm ihn ein Engel auf seinen Rücken und stieg mit ihm in die Himmel hinauf. Da kam ihnen der Todesengel entgegen und nahm die Seele von Idris, denn der von Allah bestimmte Todeszeitpunkt war in eben diesem Moment. Idris ist also lebendig in den Himmel erhoben worden, dort wurde ihm jedoch seine Seele genommen.

Manche meinen, der Vers Und Wir erhoben ihn an einen hohen Ort bedeutet, dass Idris in das Paradies hinaufgehoben wurde.

Sure 21: al-Anbiya

Und (erwähne) Ismael und Idris und Dhul-Kifl. Jeder (von ihnen) gehörte zu den Geduldigen. (85) Und Wir ließen sie in unsere Barmherzigkeit eingehen. Wahrlich, sie gehören zu den Rechtschaffenen. (86)

Es berichtete Anas über die Himmelsreise des Propheten Muhammad:

Abu Dhar (ra) used to say that Allah’s Messenger (sas) said, “While I was at Makkah, the roof of my house was opened and Jibril descended, opened my chest, and washed it with Zamzam water. Then he brought a golden tray full of wisdom and faith, and having poured its contents into my chest, he closed it. Then he took my hand and ascended with me to the heaven. When Jibril reached the nearest heaven, he said to the gatekeeper of the heaven, ‘Open (the gate).’ The gatekeeper asked, ‘who is it?’ Jibril answered, ‘Jibril’. He asked, ‘Is there anyone with you?’ Jibril replied, ‘Muhammad (sas) is with me.’ He asked, ‘Has he been called?’, Jibril said, ‘Yes’. So, the gate was opened and we went over the nearest heaven, and there we saw a man sitting with Aswida (a large number of people) of his right and Aswida on his left. When he looked towards his right, he laughed and when he looked towards his left he wept. He said (to me), ‘Welcome, O pious Prophet and pious son’. I said, ‘Who is this man O Jibril?’ Jibril replied, ‘He is Adam, and the people on his right and left are the souls of his offspring. Those on the right are the people of Paradise, and those on the left are the people of the (Hell) Fire. So, when he looks to the right, he laughs, and when he looks to the left he weeps.’ Then Jibril ascended with me till he reached the second heaven and said to the gatekeeper, ‘Open (the gate).’ The gatekeeper said to him the same as the gatekeeper of the first heaven has said, and he opened the gate.”

Anas added: Abu Dhar mentioned that Prophet (sas) met Idris, Musa (Moses), ‘Isa (Jesus) and Ibrahim (Abraham) over the heavens, but he did not specify their places (i.e., on which heavens each of them was), but he mentioned that he (the Prophet (sas) had met Adam on the nearest heaven, and Ibrahim on the sixth.

Anas said, “When Jibril and the Prophet (sas) passed by Idris, the latter said, ‘Welcome, O pious Prophet and pious brother!’ the Prophet (sas) asked, ‘Who is he?’ Jibril said, ‘He is Idris.’ ” The Prophet (sas) added, “Then I passed by Musa who said, ‘Welcome, O pious Prophet and pious brother!’ I said, ‘Who is he?’ Jibril said, ‘He is Musa.’ Then I passed by ‘Isa who said, ‘Welcome, O pious Prophet and pious brother!’ I said, ‘Who is he?’ He replied, ‘He is ‘Isa.’ Then I passed by the Prophet (sas) Ibrahim who said, ‘Welcome, O pious Prophet and pious son!’ I said, ‘Who is he?’ Jibril replied, ‘He is Ibrahim’.” Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas and Abu Haiyya Al-Ansari: The Prophet (sas) said, “Then Jibril ascended with me to a place where I heard the creaking of pens.”

Ibn Hazm and Anas bin Malik state the Prophet (sas) said, “Allah enjoined fifty Salat (prayers) on me. When I returned with this order of Allah, I passed by Musa who asked me, ‘What has Allah enjoined on your followers?’ I replied, ‘He has enjoined fifty Salat (prayers) on them.’ On the Musa said to me, ‘Go back to your Lord (and appeal for reduction), for your followers will not be able to bear it.’ So, I returned to my Lord and asked for some reduction, and He reduced it to half. When I passed by Musa again and informed him about it, he once more said to me, ‘Go back to your Lord, for your followers will not be able to bear it.’ So, I returned to my Lord similarly as before, and half of it was reduced. I again passed by Musa and he said to me, ‘Go back to your Lord, for your followers will not be able to bear it.’ I again returned to my Lord and He said, ‘These are five (Salat-prayers) and they are all (equal to) fifty (in reward), for My Word does not change.’ I returned to Musa, he again told me to return to my Lord (for further reduction) but I said to him ‘I feel shy of asking my Lord now.’ Then Jibril took me till we reached Sidrat-ul-Muntaha (i.e., lote tree of utmost boundary) which was shrouded in colors indescribable. Then I was admitted into Paradise where I found small tents (made) of pearls and its earth was musk (a kind of perfume).”

(al-Bukhari, 3342)

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by Salsabil al-Almaniya